Published in 1847, the Communist Manifesto is the first articulation of Marxism. Outlining the contours of western society since the Fall of Rome, the authors draw the reader into understanding two dynamics of industrial capitalism. The first is overproduction. The second is how Capitalism generally responds to overproduction, which is to create new markets and/or destroy old ones to remake them anew. However, ultimately overproduction will generate economic and physical destruction too big to rebuild. Humans can choose to re-structure economy around socialism before that happens, or we can expect a new Dark Age in the aftermath of the last Capitalist market destruction. The Communist Manifesto is a piece of history and a prescient document that speaks to now.